PGG Wrightson Seeds, through its Turf team, AgResearch, the Foundation for Arable Research (FAR) and Grasslanz Technology Limited have developed AVANEX® unique endophyte technology. This exciting innovation has been included in turf-type grasses, Jackal - a turf tall fescue, and Colosseum - a turf perennial ryegrass. These endophytes can produce high quantities of alkaloids that can reduce a number of insect pests while also being a deterrent to wildlife grazing. It has also been shown to help reduce bird populations through post digestion feedback. This is where birds that feed directly on the grass feel ill after feeding and learn to avoid the area.